January 22, 2013
We can summarize the respiratory physiotherapy like the application of different techniques to prevent and to improve the alterations of the thoracic and pulmonary system. Respiratory physiotherapy is a great stranger in our home, while in neighboring countries it has long been highly appreciated.
«As a solution to respiratory problems, home remedies are not worth and we have to learn to breathe better»
A pulmonary disease is any disorder that occurs in the lungs or causes them to not work properly.
We can basically differentiate between three types of respiratory diseases. First of all, we have diseases that make the respiratory tract narrower, such as asthma and chronic bronchitis, that affect the behaviors that carry the oxygen from the air to the lungs.
Second, there are diseases that affect the lung tissue, which prevent the lungs from being able to fully expand and hinder deep breaths.
Finally, there are diseases that affect pulmonary circulation, which can be accompanied by cardiac problems.
With the arrival of autumn and the fluctuations of temperatures, the body resents and we can cool. These changes cause episodes of cough and mucus, which continue to be two forms of defense and protection of our organism in the face of possible harmful agents of the environment: pollution, tobacco, viruses and bacteria, season changes, etc.
With the help of respiratory physiotherapy, we manage to mobilize these mucus that both annoy us, as they cause inflammation and obstruction of the respiratory tract. It also helps to expel them outside, which in many cases prevents them from becoming the source of lung disease or ear, among others.
If we cover both nostrils at the time and we feel too loud, we can cause damage and make the mucus pass into the ear and cause an infection (otitis). If we want to move properly, we must do it with each nostril separately and gently.
Another option to expel the mucus is to bring the mucus to the throat and spit outdoors, although in our society it is not well seen.
Inflammation of the respiratory mucosa and the accumulation of mucus causes the risk of infection to increase, which may eventually lead to bronchitis. At first they are occasional episodes, but if they occur repeatedly during the year, they can degenerate and cause chronic pathology.
The products that come to the cleaning of nostrils with seawater do not go bad, but we must not abuse it as they can irritate the throat.
A good option to decongest and clean the mucus is inhalation of water vapor and medicinal plants, but it is also not advisable to use it repeatedly. In addition, the properties of the plants that are to be used must be known very well. As an example, we can say that although the eucalyptus goes well, its repetitive use may end up affecting the lung tissue.
Therefore, as a solution to our respiratory problems, homemade remedies are not useful, but we must start to learn to breathe better.
Learn to breathe
Have we ever wondered if we breathe correctly? If we breathe quickly, we are not doing it well, since we provoke that we feel exhausted at the end of the day. Instead, breathing very slowly is not the solution either.
By means of specific exercises we can learn to breathe better, to fill the lungs of air and get it easier, helping to improve our respiratory capacity.
Nor should we forget about rhinitis, sinusitis or chronic cough, diseases that are also very grateful for the treatment of respiratory physiotherapy.
Respiratory rehabilitation is also especially indicated in patients with chronic respiratory deficiencies (chronic bronchitis, emphysema, asthma ...) which, despite optimal medical treatment, suffer from a persistent feeling of lack of air. These people have a capacity for reduced exercise tolerance and a restriction on daily activities.
Another aspect in which respiratory physiotherapy is very helpful is in the alterations of the thoracic box (cifoscoliosis), which are usually accompanied by respiratory insufficiency and muscle fatigue.
The techniques and the treatment of respiratory physiotherapy are always done individually, and it is necessary to take into account the age of the patient and the problem that presents. One way to expand the thorax in adults is to make several inspirations and we will be able to hold the air for a few seconds and then release the air slowly. With children, the way to work is through games, such as blowing a plastic cane or laughing at them.
This winter, then, we will be on guard against colds with three basic forms of respiratory physiotherapy: bronchial drainage techniques, cough education and clapping techniques, which will help us to eliminate secretions.
Clapping is a technique known for many years, which consists of giving soft bumps with the hand concave to the chest and back, and that in countries like England is still using force. In our country, it is often accompanied by the technique of thoracic vibration, which is to take advantage of the expulsion of the air to vibrate with the hands on the chest. In addition, with the respiratory exercises we will facilitate the pulmonary ventilation, since the thorax is put in movement and it allows us to breathe better.
Using the backgroundescopi
The ultimate goal of respiratory physiotherapy is to help eliminate respiratory tract secretions to reduce the resistance of the airway, improve pulmonary ventilation and, ultimately, improve the quality of life of people.
A tool that greatly facilitates the work and helps us to better locate the mucus is the stethoscope, which allows us to use a technique or another depending on the auscultation and location of the mucus.
Finally, we should not forget that visits to the GP and the pediatrician may decrease in number thanks to this type of physiotherapy.
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