17 February, 2014
We can define overtraining syndrome as an altered response of the athlete to excessive exercise without adequate rest, which leads to the involvement of multiple systems (physical and psychological) and the reduction of sports performance.
When the training is so intense that the athlete is not able to recover in a few days we talk about overtraining
Clinically, it manifests itself as a set of changes in the vegetative nervous system. In an initial phase we can find insomnia, irritability, agitation, tachycardia, arterial hypertension, restlessness, most common in anaerobic sports, and later appear symptoms such as fatigue, weakness, depression, bradycardia, loss of motivation, most common in aerobic sports. Other alterations such as anorexia, weight loss, lack of mental concentration, pain and muscle stiffness, anxiety and tiredness at rest may also occur.
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