Neus Vives

8 November, 2010

Summer is the time of year we usually enjoy more of nature and rest. But there are some small bugs that can alter the tranquility.

Insects are invertebrate animals from the group of arthropods that are characterized by having two horns and six legs and, most of those who chop, also wings. They are the most numerous species in the Earth, they bring us many benefits and without them we could not live.

In general, animals are aggressing to defend themselves. Sometimes, they take us unexpectedly and the bite can bring us a good scare. Some insects also sting for other reasons, for example, mosquito nuts do it to reproduce.

Forms of aggression
Bees have a harpoon shaped like a harpoon that, when clambering to the skin, is taken from the body and causes death. In this case you need to remove the stinging needle without pressing it so as not to make it poisonous.

The wasps, on the other hand, have a smooth sting and do not start chopping, so they can sting as many times as they want and always with the same amount of poison.

The toucans do not have sting, they bite their mouths.

The mosquitoes sting at night and with a very fine sting.

If we have to travel, it is necessary to take into account that there are endemic areas where mosquitoes can be transmitting diseases such as yellow fever or malaria. We will have to inform you before leaving and protecting us much more.

A type of mosquito different from the usual is the tiger mosquito. He came to our land in 2004 year and has already spread throughout the country. It differs from mosquitoes because it picks up the day and makes many bites together, which causes a stronger reaction and lasts longer. Like the rest of mosquitoes, it does not pose a health risk.

Insect bites produce a local reaction with pain, redness, swelling and itching at the place of inoculation that disappears in a few hours.

Not all bites are the same, there are people who, despite not having an allergic reaction, may have a more intense reaction to any bite.

After the bite we will thoroughly clean the area and disinfect it, then we will apply local cold and some product with ammonia. If the bite is very painful, an antihistamine cream can be applied.

Bees are social insects and sometimes they attack in a group. If there have been several bites at the same time, you must go to the hospital to receive urgent medical treatment.

A small group of people have insect allergy to insects, especially to wasps, and a single sting can produce a widespread, more serious reaction, the closer it is to the head. This response can trigger an anaphylactic shock that manifests with dizziness, respiratory distress, generalized itching, inflammation of the mucous membranes and may result in a cardiorespiratory arrest. In the event that some of these symptoms are presented, you must notify the emergency service (112) or quickly transfer the person to a medical center. People who already know that they are hypersensitive should carry a syringe with adrenaline self-administrable to act quickly.


1. Do not approach bees hives or nests of wasps or annoy any animals. 2. Avoid walking barefoot on the outside.
3. When doing outdoor activities, especially gardening, use pants, socks, long sleeves and gloves.
4. In the summer, keep an eye out that drinking sugary drinks do not contain any insects near the glass.
5. Close the organic waste buckets.
6. If you leave the field, do not wear brightly colored clothes or scents of intense odor.
7. Make sure there are no insects in the car before driving and closing the windows.
8. Put on an anti-insect repellent.

the author

Neus Vives

Head of the Health Department of Claror Cartagena

Medical specialist in Physical Education and Sports Medicine (UB)

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