The importance of the readaptor

1 November, 2011

Adaptation to effort is an important stage in the whole process of rehabilitation and recovery of an injury. This task must allow the athlete to return to face his sporting challenges with the maximum guarantees of not returning to suffer a new injury.

Have you ever suffered an injury? If you practice sports, the most likely answer should be yes and, probably, you have gone through the experience of being in the hands of the physiotherapist to rehabilitate you, and later, the sports technician, when you return to training.

Now, rehabilitation with a physiotherapist and subsequent training with the sports coach are separate processes in which professionals from one field and from the other are not related? Or, on the contrary, there is a common area of ​​action, on horseback between the moment the recovery ends but is not yet ready for the maximum effort? The answer is yes. Adaptation to effort is an important step in this whole process that should allow the athlete to meet their sporting challenges with maximum guarantees.

Until a few years ago, treatments aimed at curing a sports injury of an amateur sportsman focused exclusively on treating the trauma caused by the injury. Currently, health and sports professionals are increasingly determined by the type of work and techniques that are developed in the high competition, transferring them to amateur sports to offer an approach from a perspective biopsychosocial The same WHO defines health as the full physical, mental and social well-being, and not just the absence of illnesses (whether they are mild, severe or severe). Therefore, strategies in sports programming and recovery after posting attach importance to the physical and sports rehabilitation and rehabilitation of the individual.

In the case of post-employment work, the objective will be focused on an intervention that guarantees a quick restoration, as well as a reduction in the incidence of lesions.

Therefore, we are talking about a process that guarantees an optimal set-up of the athlete, who leaves him ready to continue his sports activity prior to the injury. This process is called a transition from the rehabilitative phase to the training phase, and has some peculiarities.

Interdisciplinary work
The great feature of this whole process is the interdisciplinary work carried out. It is not possible to imagine a well-guided, complete, structured and professional sequencing without the joint work of several specialists. When we talk about this teamwork, we do not refer solely to a multidisciplinary work in which each professional develops their specialty and adds knowledge. More importantly, this interaction is knowing and being aware of the role that each one plays in the process. The collaboration, the unification and the integration of the knowledge of each professional to obtain a richer work are also basic.

Team collaboration, in this case, is not only to add the work of each one but to share knowledge and procedures to achieve common goals that will always benefit the athlete.

There are four important and different moments in the rehabilitation process - reading of an injured sportsman: preservation, fitness training, registration and final resolution.

Phase 1: Preservation
It is essential to preserve the athlete from the loss of total functionality of the different segments. It is about shortening the return time to the practiced sport. The physiotherapist and the sports specialist or the traumatologist are in charge of guiding the athlete at this stage.

Phase 2: Adapt the training
Training must be adapted to avoid a great loss of overall movement. This stage is important from a functional point of view, because if you work well, you can improve the mood of the athlete because he does not feel stopped. At this stage, interdisciplinary team work is essential among the professionals involved in the process: the doctor, the physiotherapist and the physical trainer. Thus the abilities of the athlete will be preserved and enhanced.

Phase 3: High
To reach this stage, the functionality of the injured member must be achieved as soon as possible. We are at a time where there is no pain, but there are some functional deficiencies. It will be a work that must be developed jointly between the physiotherapist and the physical trainer.

Phase 4: Final resolution
The last phase of rehabilitation comes when the athlete has recovered the functionality and is allowed to train his discipline, although he still has to recover the optimum level of form. It will be necessary to give a specific training, taking into account the sport that is practiced. The professional in charge of finalizing this process is the physical trainer.

Success in total rehabilitation is in progression, both in time and in difficulty. In addition, it is important to know the sport that we are dealing with, since each sport offers a postural pattern that is different from that of other sports that you will need to know to perform a good balance of the athlete. Therefore, the integral knowledge of all the professionals that are part of the team will allow a global evolution of the individual that will end with a satisfactory return to the physical activity.

Often, there is confusion in what is the health and sports professional that must accompany the athlete in the final stage of discharge and the final resolution. Competencies are well defined for each professional. The best solution is interdisciplinary work, since the individual is riding between the final stage of rehabilitation and the initial phase of performance training. The joint and coordinated work of the physiotherapist and the physical trainer will involve an enriching process for both and, most importantly, for the athlete.

The readaptor
The confusion of the roles and tasks of each professional in the rehabilitation process can cause confusion, and that is why, in some countries, the exclusive figure of the readaptor has been developed. This professional must be trained in aspects of performance, prevention, education, re-education and rehabilitation aspects of all aspects that directly influence the performance of the athlete. At the moment, in our country, there are second degree studies that specialize professionals in this field. Both physiotherapists and physical trainers can be accessed. If in our work team we can have a figure of this type, the result will always be more enriching and integrating.

Some of those who read this article will ask if this type of interdisciplinary work is exclusive to the rehabilitation process - readjustment of a sports injury. The truth is that teamwork can be applied to almost any area of ​​life. It is necessary to think that any rehabilitation process seeks, ultimately, to be able to re-adapt to the activities of daily life. Therefore, it will never be easier to have a team that works together to ensure that we return to the maximum functionality of each one of us.

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