13 May, 2015
Currently, the aquatic environment as an alternative in periods of initiation or adaptation to physical training, and also in periods of injury where the usual practice options for physical activity are limited, is poorly exploited, since it is not a Generalized habit in most of the popular sportsmen.
One of the main advantages offered by water in relation to other areas of training is the reduction of the impact forces with the ground: water offers less resistance and thus decreases the compressive forces on the joints
Water has been essential for our lives since the beginning of humanity, and it is used with different objectives, among which there are therapeutics. Already in ancient Greece or the Roman empire it was very common to use it with this purpose.
The problem in an environment like ours is not the lack of means. Most of them clubs Sports have swimming pools. Neither is the economic cost an impediment, since the price is usually the same or less than in others clubs where there are no aquatic facilities. The problem is found in the great lack of knowledge of this medium, its features and properties and the wide range of possibilities that it offers us when it comes to working.
The physical properties of water favor the development of training programs: it is important that they are based on a solid knowledge of phenomena such as floating, the specific gravity of the aquatic environment, the resistance forces presented by water, Its hydrostatic pressure and its viscosity, among others. This level of knowledge makes it essential that both the design, advice and follow-up of the training program, as well as the control of the technical execution, we always do under the supervision of specialized sports technicians. We must always keep in mind that not everything is in the water.
Internal rage, moodiness, tension and apathy are some of the emotions that all athletes usually suffer from a minor or very important injury that has been, especially when it involves a limitation in the practice of the activity habitual physics These emotions are caused by the desire and the unconditional need to not stop training and not lose the current state of mind, which has cost so much to achieve.
Possibilities that the aquatic environment gives us
It is at this moment when we have to think about the different options that the aquatic means offers us according to the type of injury we suffer.
One of the main advantages offered by water in relation to other areas of training is the diminished impact forces with the earth: water offers less resistance and thus decreases the compressive forces on the joints, avoiding the wear The homogeneous load generated in water on the body, coupled with hypoglossality, involves a balanced participation of the agonist and antagonistic muscles. This means allows us to improve the capacities of stability, balance and self-perception. Hipogravity, in addition, favors the improvement of the joint mobility, since it is released of weight and increases the joint radius of action. These characteristics inherent in water not only provide physical benefits, but also improve the mood and contribute to the recovery process. The feeling of freedom of movement that we have in the water reminds us of the good sensations before the injury and this has a positive impact on our self esteem.
Although there are many benefits that can be provided by training in the aquatic environment, there are also some situations in which training in water can be counterproductive. It will be necessary to differentiate between the absolute contraindications, that occur on rare occasions, and the relative contraindications, that will occur in the majority of the cases. In this second scenario we will have some limitation, but thanks to the range of possibilities offered by the aquatic environment we can always carry out an alternative training.
We can say that training in the aquatic environment is a perfect option to diversify the physical activity we do regularly, as well as being an excellent means of physiological recovery. Exercise in the water stimulates the acceleration of metabolic processes, eliminating waste products, and is an ideal option to maintain our state of shape during periods of recovery of injuries or in periods of inactivity of our usual sport.
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