8 November, 2007
Summer arrives and with it the long-awaited holidays. Most of us want to enjoy the sea, In the mountains or in the same city and, Surely, to face high temperatures, we will go to the pools or beaches. If we want to enjoy them safely, we must take care of our skin.
Mycoses or fungal infections are very common, and more in summer. Fungi proliferate in humid and warm areas, such as swimming pools, showers or changing rooms, places that many of us will visit this summer to enjoy the days of leisure and face the hot temperatures of these days.
However, the risk of fungal infection increases in people with poor hygiene and constant moisture on the skin.
Contagi is produced by direct contact or through contaminated personal use objects, such as towels, flip-flops, swimsuits and other bathing objects. We usually talk about localized and superficial infections when they affect the skin, hair, nails and mucous membranes, but they can also be systemic.
The most typical symptom usually is the intense itching, although it may sometimes go unnoticed and then we will only see a change in coloration in the affected area. This would be the case of tinea cruris that affects more adolescents and young men, often obese and athletes, where the infection is located around the enguinal zone and inner face of the thighs.
Athlete's foot is another superficial mycosis, caused by a dermatofit. We see a reddish and scaly area between the toes, which can be leveled and extended by the rest of the plantar surface.
It is necessary to treat lesions caused by fungi and thus prevent the spread and especially the over-infection. Many times with a topical treatment it will be enough.
Warts or papillomas are benign skin lesions caused by the human papilloma virus that infects the cells of the skin's most superficial layer.
They may appear in any location but are frequent on the dorsal face of the hands, around the nails, on the plantar face of the feet and also on the elbows, knees and face.
They are usually of the same color of the skin, in a rounded or oval shape if the tumor grows outwards and rough or rough appearance if they are located in areas of repeated friction. When they are flat, their diagnosis can be more difficult since the identification is not so obvious. They are often painless, but if they are located in areas of great pressure, such as planting, they cause pain especially when walking.
The route of infection is direct from person to person but is rare. Recall that both wet and soft skin and dry skin are more susceptible to injury and facilitate a route of entry of infections like this. One more reason to recommend good hygiene and protection of the skin.
We speak of autocontagium when we are ourselves who, when manipulating a wart, can disseminate it to somewhere else in the body.
Some warts may disappear without treatment spontaneously in two years, but they may also reappear. When they are multiple or cause pain they should be treated to eliminate them. A visit to the doctor or specialist is advised to confirm the diagnosis and advise which type of treatment will be the most appropriate.
The range of therapeutic possibilities is broad: topical chemical agents, cryotherapy, cauterization and laser or surgery for the most difficult warts.
During infection and treatment, it is recommended to take personal hygiene measures and to avoid bathing, since treatment is not as effective.
In no case will we try to remove the wart by cutting it, burning it or ripping it from the root with homemade methods of doubtful reliability.
More positive consequences: it favors the loss of calories, facilitates digestion by vibrating the liver and stimulating gastric juices, avoids constipation and improves the elimination of bile, and finally increases the level of immunoglobulins and, Therefore, it improves the system of defenses against diseases.
The molluscum contagiosum
Another infection of the skin caused by the virus is the contagious molluscum. It is very contagious, self-limiting and more frequent in children and young people, although it can also be seen in adults. It is caused by a virus of the Poxvirus family.
It causes injuries that are rarely unique, overgrown, with a pearly appearance, of the same color of the skin and umbilicals. They are painless and usually do not have inflammatory reaction around them. Yes, they chop a lot, which facilitates the spread of scratch infection to other areas of the body and over-infection.
In children the lesions are located in the face, neck, trunk and upper limbs, although in adults it is more frequent to observe them in the genital area, abdomen and inner face of the thighs as the pathway of infection is usually for sexual transmission
The route of infection is direct and, therefore, it is recommended to avoid direct contact with the lesions. It can also be transmitted through the objects of personal use of the infected person, such as the towel or the clothes. It is rarely transmitted to the pool water, as disinfection systems prevent it.
Usually the infection spontaneously sends in a period of two to eighteen months. Normally, no specific treatment is necessary, but it is necessary to avoid the bath during this period so that the infection is not disseminated. The treatment of lesions is done in case of complications, persistence, aesthetic affectation and often in single injuries. Curettage, cryotherapy or the application of caustic products are used. The best prevention is to avoid direct contact with the injuries.
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